Skip to content
Inicio | Blog | Hypertension: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Hypertension: symptoms, diagnosis and treatment

Francisco Javier Gracia Balaguer
28 May 2024
2 Min
Health and advice

Hypertension, commonly known as high blood pressure, is a chronic pathology that is caused by a higher than normal force of blood flowing through the arteries. It affects about one third of the Spanish adult population and is one of the main risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. By putting extra pressure on the heart and blood vessels, it increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and other heart diseases. This is why it is crucial to prevent and control this pathology through regular medical check-ups.

Dr. Gracia Balaguer, a specialist in Cardiology at Paracelso Sagasta, explains in the following article what hypertension is, how to detect it and what treatment should be followed.

Symptoms of hypertension

The most common symptoms are usually silent in the early stages, meaning that most people experience no obvious signs.

However, in more advanced cases or when blood pressure reaches extremely high levels, some symptoms may include persistent headaches, dizziness, ringing in the ears, blurred vision, fatigue, shortness of breath and palpitations.

Diagnosis of hypertension

Since hypertension is a pathology that can have serious consequences if not properly controlled, it is essential to have regular medical check-ups and monitor blood pressure periodically, especially if the person has risk factors such as family history, obesity, high levels of stress, an unhealthy diet or lack of physical activity.

This condition is detected through repeated blood pressure measurement. A health professional will base their diagnosis on the average of two or more blood pressure readings taken on different occasions in the same way. In general, the patient will be considered hypertensive if the resulting values exceed 140/90 mmHg.

Treatment for hypertension

Treatment for high blood pressure usually involves lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medication. Specialists recommend following a diet low in sodium, rich in fruits, vegetables and whole foods, as well as maintaining a healthy weight, exercising regularly, reducing alcohol consumption and quitting smoking.

In addition, it is essential to monitor blood pressure regularly and follow medical indications for the use of medications, if necessary. The combination of these approaches helps to keep blood pressure under control and reduces the risk of cardiovascular complications.

Ultimately, the most effective measure to avoid suffering from high blood pressure is prevention, with early diagnosis being a key factor in reducing the risks associated with this chronic pathology and improving cardiovascular health.

At Paracelso Sagasta we take care of your health from the heart. Our specialists at the Cardiology Unit will provide you with comprehensive and highly specialized care for the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of hypertension and other cardiovascular pathologies, to help you maintain a healthy heart that allows you to enjoy an active and fulfilling life. Make an appointment today.


High Blood Pressure